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Hoa Phat Dung Quat Steel Proposes Plant in Quang Ngai Province

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
03 Jan, 2022, 4:30 am

Following the commitment in the long-term strategic cooperation agreement with the central province of Quang Ngai. Currently, the company is speeding up the implementation of legal procedures and land clearance to deploy the Hoa Phat Dung Quat 2 Iron and Steel Complex project from early 2022. With a capacity of 5.6 million tonnes of hot-rolled steel a year, Hoa Phat Dung Quat 2 project would create more jobs for about 8,000 employees.

Accordingly, the company proposed the province to create a land fund of about 300 hectares in the south of Hoa Phat Dung Quat Steel Integrated Complex 1 and 2 across Tri Binh - Dung Quat Street, in Binh Dong Commune for the construction of an iron alloy manufacturing plant; adding an area of about 79 hectares to expand Hoa Phat Dung Quat 2 Factory project; propose to supplement the planning of 796 hectares in Binh Thuan Commune to invest in Hoa Phat Dung Quat 3 project.

Hoa Phat Dung Quat Steel JSC proposed to expand investment to synchronize its projects and close the steel production chain and support industries, optimize land use efficiency and making greater contributions to the socio-economic development of the central Quang Ngai Province.
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Researchers Study Corrosion in Laser Printed 316L Stainless Steel

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
03 Jan, 2022, 4:30 am

Additive manufacturing is widely employed in materials fabrication, but it causes changes in microstructural features that can affect the material’s chemical composition and the quality and durability of the finished product. Laser-based additive manufacturing processes have a layer-by-layer action that causes the formation of highly heterogeneous microstructures. Another aspect of the process that causes this is rapid solidification due to large thermal gradients. Rapid solidification leads to high-density dislocations in steel that are vital for the aerospace, maritime, and vehicle industries. A research paper published in the journal Additive Manufacturing considers how the properties of stainless steel are affected by laser additive printing methods. Print orientation demonstrating the recoater direction relative to the gas flow; samples for this study were extracted from the columns, which had systematic variations in the printing speed.

Common features in industrial-grade steels manufactured with processes such as laser powder-bed fusion are macroscale fusion boundaries and solidification structures, and nanoscale sub-grain cellular structures. The cellular dislocation networks produced have implications for the overall quality and mechanical properties of finished steels. Some specific microstructural features of interest include multiscale interfaces, irregular surface chemistry, and bulk chemical heterogeneities. Microstructural features are intrinsically intertwined and lead to physical effects such as decreased corrosion resistance, which has implications for structural integrity and longevity of the additively manufactured steels. Defects can lead to the creation of surface electrochemical cells which cause localized corrosion (such as crevice corrosion and pitting) as well as general surface corrosion. The processes that lead to deleterious effects are complex and require intensive research to overcome.

Understanding microstructural defects and their effects on the chemical structure is necessary to elucidate the potential effects of additive manufacturing on the final product. The team behind the research used several multimodal analytical techniques to achieve the conclusions in the study. 316L powder was used to additively print the sample stainless steel. The system used was a Renishaw AM 250. The primary variable was scan speed, at 550, 650, and 700 mm/s, respectively. The samples produced were 25mm cylindrical rods. Five-millimeter sections were removed for analysis and corrosion measurements.

Laser printed additive manufactured stainless-steel specimens were analyzed with synchrotron x-ray diffraction, imaging techniques, spectroscopic techniques, and TEM. The specimens were L-PBF 316L stainless steels which were printed at different raster speeds. Chemical, atomic, and microstructural information on the fabricated steel was elucidated via analytical techniques. Stitched bright-field TEM micrographs of a selected region containing two adjacent grains near a melt pool boundary on the L-PBF 316L sample printed at 700 mm/s showing the underlying cellular dislocation network. Corresponding selected area diffraction patterns are shown in i and ii.

One of the main results of the study was the implications of defects in microstructure on corrosion behavior of the finished steel product. Corrosion resistance in 316L steel grades is due to the Cr promoting the formation of a bipolar passive film. This film is comprised of an inner Cr2O3 barrier layer and an outer layer that is enriched with metal oxyanions. This forms an electrokinetic barrier that prevents anions from entering.

Microstructural features that are produced during additive manufacturing can prevent the ability of a salute to contribute to passive film layer formation. Some studies on duplex stainless steel using synchrotron methods and electrochemical polarization experiments indicated that there is a correlation between alloy surface structure and nanoscale compositional heterogeneities. These heterogeneities influence passivity behavior such as a breakdown in passivity.

Studies have also indicated that there is a strong correlation between pitting formation and surface defects at the nanoscale. Knowing the nature of defect formation at the nanoscale will help to inform manufacturing strategies that strengthen additive printed stainless steel (and other materials) against the risk of corrosion.
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Corrosion Behavior of Rebars in Concrete under DC Interference

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
03 Jan, 2022, 4:30 am

In recent years, the rapid development of economy and the huge scale of infrastructure construction have made concrete materials widely used in various fields such as civil, industrial, and transportation. Many cities have accelerated the construction of urban rail transit because of the large passenger volume, fast, convenient and safe characteristics of railway passenger traffic1. The current on the track would leak into the track bed and surrounding soil media while the subway was running. Direct current would severely corrode the steel bars in nearby concrete structures. As the use time of the reinforced concrete structure increased, external factors such as chloride ion corrosion and concrete carbonization would also cause the bearing capacity and ductility of the reinforced concrete structure to decrease. In severe cases, the building would be damaged and caused huge losses.

Aeronautical Engineering Institute of Civil Aviation University of China Researchers Qingmiao Ding, Yuning Gao, Ruiyang Liu & Yaozhi Li; China National Offshore Oil Corporation’s Tianjin Pipeline Engineering Technology Co’s Lei Jin & Jiangsu Shagang Group’s Han Ma have published a paper on “Corrosion behavior of HRB400 and HRB400M steel bars in concrete under DC interference” in Nature, where they stuuudied influence of direct current interference on the corrosion behavior of HRB400 and HRB400M steel bars in simulated concrete solution was studied using methods such as weight loss experiment, electrochemical experiment, surface technology and product analysis. The rapid development of high-voltage transmission lines and electrified railways has made the problem of stray current corrosion more prominent15. Stray current corrosion was divided into DC stray current corrosion and AC stray current corrosion16. Metros and light rails mostly used 750 V or 1500 V DC electric traction systems and track return methods in China.

In order to explore the applicability of corrosion-resistant steel bars in the complex concrete environment of airports, this paper used weightlessness experiment, electrochemical experiment, surface technology, product analysis and other methods to study the influence of DC stray current on the concrete reinforcement in the later stage of carbonization. The influence of DC stray current on the corrosion behavior of HRB400 and HRB400M steel in simulated concrete solution was obtained. By comparing the experimental data of the two materials, the specific degree of corrosion resistance was analyzed in order to provide a certain reference for the wide application of corrosion-resistant steel bars in the airports.

The research results showed that with the increase of DC interference voltage, the corrosion rates of HRB400 and HRB400M steel bars would increase. The corrosion resistance of HRB400M steel bars was better than HRB400 steel bars under the experimental conditions. In addition, direct current interference could cause damage to the corrosion product layer on the surface of HRB400 steel bars and HRB400M steel bars. And the corrosion form and corrosion product types of HRB400 and HRB400M steel bars would be affected by direct current interference. The main corrosion products of HRB400 steel bars included ?-FeOOH and Fe2O3 when it was not interfered by DC. When DC interference was applied, the main corrosion products included Fe3O4 and Fe2O3. The corrosion products on the surface of HRB400M steel bars were mainly Fe3O4 and Fe2O3, and the types of products increased to form Cr2O3 and MnFe2O4.
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TMK Secures Green Loan for Environmental Project at PNTZ

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 3:36 am

Russian Pipe Metallurgical Company TMK has signed an agreement on the provision of a "green" loan with the Moscow Credit Bank MKB for a period of up to 36 months. The funds received will be used to refinance the costs of implementing the AQA Genesis environmental project at the TMK’s Pervouralsk Novotrubny Plant, PNTZ

The AQA Genesis water treatment facility was launched at PNTZ in September 2020 as part of a multi-stage project for the modernization of water use systems and provides a closed water recycling system for pipe rolling production.

One of the priority directions in this work is the introduction of recycled water supply. Today, the share of a closed cycle at the company's enterprises is 96%, and TMK continues to implement measures to improve this indicator.
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GMS Market Commentary on Ship Breaking in Week 52

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 3:41 am

World's leading cash buyer of ships for recycling GMS said that “With markets down, a quieter festive period has ensued with no fresh market or otherwise sales having reportedly taken place and a calmer period of consolidation transpired in the last week of 2021, as the industry reflects on an extraordinary year gone by. The sub-continent markets more than doubled since the lows seen at the height of the Coronavirus pandemic last year, as levels managed to hit decade long highs of about USD 650/LDT, up from the lows of USD 260/LDT or so, seen during the height of the pandemic halfway through 2020, eventually transpiring into gains of almost USD 400/LDT.”

GMS said “Even though levels have crushingly cooled off by almost USD 50/LDT since the peaks seen in September - October of 2021, we are still seeing levels above USD 600/LDT, in what remains a decade-long high for the ship recycling industry in the Indian sub-continent.”

GMS added “Overall, the hope and general consensus is that these prices should endure going well into 2022 Q1, such is the overall bullish state of steel prices at present, despite a couple of currencies still trembling with inconsistencies and the fact that China is importing, not exporting steel. Construction projects and growth throughout the sub-continent also means demand remains firm and we will likely see prices maintained for the short term at the very least.”

GMS concluded “The big question for the New Year is which sector will be the primary supply of ships for 2022? Many are expecting the beleaguered Tanker sector to turn around, whilst dry Bulk and Containers continue to impress. So, the question on everyone’s mind is whether we are going to continue seeing a shortage in supply despite recyclers finally being eager for tonnage?”

GMS Pricing

India/Bangladesh/Pakistan – Week 52, Unchanged

Dry Bulk – USD 550-590 per LDT

Tankers - USD 560-600 per LDT

Containers - USD 570-610 per LDT
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OMK Supplies Rail Wheels to Siemens Mobility for Lastochka Project

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 3:46 am

Russian United Metallurgical Company OMK has started production of railway wheels for the Lastochka high speed passenger electric train in Russia in 2021. Since 2016, OMK has been supplying Siemens Mobility wheels for Swallows designed for operation at speeds up to 160 km per hour, but earlier these were only pilot batches of limited volume. The partners completed the procedure for organizing the serial production of wheels for Lastochka in 2021. OMK shipped more than 1.8 thousand of these wheels for Siemens Mobility in 2021.

In addition, Siemens Mobility specialists began controlled operation of OMK wheels for the Sapsan high-speed electric train, which can accelerate to 250 km per hour. It is planned that following the results of controlled operation, which will end in mid-2022; the parties will discuss industrial supplies of wheels for Sapsan.

Wheels for high-speed and high-speed trains are manufactured at the Vyksa Steelworks of OMK in the Nizhny Novgorod Region of Russia.

The Lastochka is a German/Russian train. It is a commuter intercity electric multiple unit train used across multiple Russian cities, based on the Siemens Desiro design and manufactured by Siemens and Ural Locomotives. In 2009, Russian Railways commissioned Siemens to develop a suburban dual-system electric train that adapted to Russian conditions.
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US Steel Production Capacity Utilization Slips to 81% in Week 52

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 3:58 am

American Iron & Steel Institute reported that in the week ending on 1 January 2022, US’s domestic raw steel production was 1,785,000 net tons while the capability utilization rate was 80.9%. Production was 1,630,000 net tons in the week ending January 1, 2021 while the capability utilization then was 73.4 %. The current week production represents a 9.5 percent increase from the same period in the previous year. Production for the week ending January 1, 2022 is down 0.9% from the previous week ending December 25, 2021 when production was 1,802,000 net tons and the rate of capability utilization was 81.6%.

Broken down by districts, here’s production for the week ending 1 January, 2022 in thousands of net tons

North East: 183

Great Lakes: 629

Midwest: 197

Southern: 707

Western: 69

Total: 1785

Adjusted year-to-date production through January 1, 2022 was 1,785,000 net tons, at a capability utilization rate of 80.9%. That is up 9.5% from the 1,630,000 net tons during the same period last year, when the capability utilization rate was 73.4%.
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APL Apollo Tubes Reports QoQ Decline in Sales in Oct-Dec Quarter

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 4:03 am

India’s leading structural steel tube company APL Apollo Tubes Limited announced that it registered a sales volume of 402,729 tonnes in Q3 of 2021-22. The value added product portfolio contributed 65% in Q3 of 2021-22 vs 62% in Q2 of 2021-22 and 60% in Q3 of 2020-21. Sales volume declined QoQ due to

1. Channel de-stocking in anticipation of steel price correction

2. Extended monsoons which impacted the construction activity

3. Sales volume in general segment was impacted due to rise in price gap between primary steel and scrap steel which benefited the unorganized sector

APL Apollo Tubes said “We are encouraged to see strong sales growth in the heavy structural steel tubes segment which should drive company’s margins going forward. With the commissioning and ramp-up of new Raipur plant, the sales mix would eventually move towards 75% for value added products.”

Headquartered at Delhi NCR APL Apollo, with its world-class facilities, widely spread 3-tier distribution network, and over 800 dealers, is leading producers of structural tubes and hollow sections. With a capacity to produce 2.6 Million Tonnes per annum, APL Apollo Tubes Limited is the largest producer of Structural Steel Tubes in India.
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Metso Outotec to Divest Metal Recycling Business to Mimir

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 4:05 am

Metso Outotec has signed an agreement to divest its Metal Recycling business line to an affiliate of Mimir, an investment company based in Stockholm in Sweden. The closing of the transaction is expected to take place during the first half of 2022. The parties have decided not to disclose the value of the transaction.

The Metal Recycling business sold to Mimir includes the brands Lindemann and Texas Shredder. The business will change name in conjunction with the divestment and operate globally under the Lindemann brand, with headquarters in Düsseldorf, Germany. Its current approximately 160 employees will transfer to the new company in connection with the transaction. The net sales of the business totaled EUR 77 million in 2020.

Metso Outotec announced in October 2020 that it intends to divest its recycling businesses, which have since been reported as part of discontinued operations in Metso Outotec’s financial statements. The divestment of the Waste Recycling business has already been completed.

Mimir is a global investment firm acquiring non-core business units of large corporations as well as private companies that need operationally oriented ownership. The Mimir group has operations in 20 countries world-wide, employing 1 200 employees.
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Dnipro Metallurgical Plant Undertaking Winter Maintenance

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 4:09 am

The Dnieper Metallurgical Plant, which stopped on 1 January 2022, will resume its work immediately after a series of current repairs in the main shops. Dnieper Metallurgical Plant’s General Director for Investments of DCH Steel advisor Mr Maksim Minyushkintold Interfax-Ukraine “DMZ annually in January suspends the metal site for current repairs in the main workshops. Koksokhim is working, 4 batteries have just been overhauled there. We plan to have time to carry out all the repairs in a month. If earlier, we will launch immediately.”

Metallurgprom reported that while the official reason for the shutdown of the Dnieper Metallurgical Plant is repairs, the unofficial reason is the profitableness of steel smelting due to the restrictions of the Russian Federation on the supply of coke. An unnamed source of the newspaper Economic Truth said “There are a number of reasons: uncertainty in the supply of coal from Russia, difficulties with the logistics of raw materials due to the lack of a car fleet and energy prices. Together, this adds up to the cost of production, which does not allow the enterprise to be profitable. There are no exact dates of downtime yet, but a preliminary shutdown is expected for a period of one month, and the decision to resume work will depend on the state of the metal rolling market.”

Dnipro in Dnipropetrovsk oblast of Ukraine Dnipro Metallurgical Plant is an integrated company, a member of the DCH Group. The main plant was founded back in 1887 by the South-Russian Dnieper Association as the Dnieper Works.With the occupation of Ukraine by Bolsheviks in 1917, the plant was nationalized. The DCH Group of Mr Alexander Yaroslavsky on March 1, 2018 signed an agreement to purchase Dnieper Metallurgical Plant from the Russian Evraz. It produces semi-finished products and long products: channels, angles and rails. Its main products are square billets exported to Turkey and Egypt, channels to Europe, Asia, Africa and pig iron mainly to Turkey.

Coke - 4 batteries, 1,040 thousand tonnes

Blast-furnace - 2 blast furnaces, 1,795 thousand tonnes

Steel - 3 BOFs, 1,230 thousand tonnes

Rolled products - Rolling shop No 1 mill 800 & Rolling shop No 2 mill 550
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AZZ Inc to Acquire Steel Creek Galvanizing Company

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 4:11 am

Fort Worth Texas based provider of galvanizing and metal coating solutions AZZ Inc has entered into an agreement to acquire all the assets of Steel Creek Galvanizing Company LLC, a privately held hot-dip galvanizing company based in Blacksburg in South Carolina in US. Steel Creek provides hot dip galvanizing to customers located in the Southeast from its 83,000 square foot facility that features one of the largest galvanizing kettles in the United States. With a 25 ton crane system and a 55 foot long kettle, Steel Creek has the capability to galvanize the largest steel structures needed to support critical infrastructure. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

AZZ will operate the new facility as AZZ Galvanizing South Carolina and further extends AZZ's ability to support customers in the Southeast region of the United States. The new galvanizing facility will be integrated into AZZ's existing network of hot-dip galvanizing plants, increasing its total galvanizing network to 40 sites in North America.

Founded in 2019, Steel Creek is a leading hot-dip galvanizing company located in Blacksburg, South Carolina. The company's galvanizing operations include one of the largest kettles in the United States. Steel Creek serves several customers located in North and South Carolina, as well as Georgia.

AZZ's Metal Coatings segment is a leading provider of metal finishing solutions for corrosion protection, including hot-dip galvanizing, spin galvanizing, powder coating, anodizing and plating, to the North American steel fabrication and other industries.
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Metinvest Plans Transition of Ukrainian Steel Mills to Decarbonize

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 4:16 am

Ukraine’s leading steel maker Metinvest has defined its long-term objectives for the reduction of the carbon footprint of its Ukrainian assets, which continue to be the largest contributors to the company’s CO2 emissions. Currently, the work on the technological strategy and the decarbonization roadmap is in progress; however. Metinvest’s CEO Mr Yuriy Ryzhenkov in Year End update noted “The focus will be on known and proven technologies, including direct reduced iron in combination with electric arc furnaces, which, by international standards, can generate a rapid positive effect. This step-by-step approach to delivering on its objectives will help the company reduce CO2 emissions by more than 90% by 2050 and completely abolish the sinter-making process.”

In the first stage, Metinvest will have EAFs. For assets in Zaporizhia and Mariupol, Metinvest has already sent out requests for technical and commercial offers to major equipment producers and waiting for the results. Mr Ryzhenkov said “I think we will complete the feasibility study in the first half of 2022, and probably, by the end of the year, we will need to make a decision about the site where we will build the first facility.

For some time, the Ilyich Steel plant will continue to operate using conventional technology, but as the useful life of our blast furnaces expires, Metinvest will introduce new processes and replace the blast furnaces with DRI modules and EAFs. Mr Ryzhenkov said “Both new units will be in operation for some period of time and the sinter plant will continue to operate at Ilyich Steel. And this will be the case for almost all of the sites.

Mr Ryzhenkov said “The things we can do right now are to improve the efficiency and automation of our existing processes, reduce the consumption of DRI module and an electric steelmaking facility at one of our plants either in Zaporizhia or in Mariupol. Since we are not sure that hydrogen will be economically viable by this time, we will be able to run the new complex with natural gas and therefore we will already be able to significantly reduce CO2 emissions. At the moment, we are still discussing its location, because we are not the only shareholder in Zaporizhstal, and, so far, we don't see the willingness of the other party to participate in the development of the plant. So, there is still a “fork in the road” as to whether Zaporizhstal should be an electric steelmaking plant or a cast-iron mill.”

One DRI module in combination with an EAF and casting represents at least EUR 1 billion. For the construction of a plant with a capacity of 4-4.5 million tonnes of electric steel, at least EUR 2 billion will be required. In order to change the technology completely, the estimated costs will be about USD 15-20 billion over the next decade.

Through K1-MET, Metinvest Polytechnic University joined the consortium of companies and institutions that are carrying out research in the field of circular economy and focusing on the recycling of metallurgical waste. Metinvest has signed a memorandum with Primetals aimed at, among other things, improving the efficiency of existing blast furnaces and reducing CO2 emissions.
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Steel Worker’s Seeks Clarity for UK Made Steel Use in HS2 Rail

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 4:20 am

UK’s steel worker’s Unite union has demanded that the British Government sets clear targets for the use of UK-produced steel in the HS2 rail project. Unite said the UK’s exit from the European Union should have made it easier for the government to ensure that British products were used in infrastructure projects. Unite General Secretary Ms Sharon Graham said “The government must immediately develop clear targets on UK steel usage on publicly funded construction projects. In the case of HS2, UK producers should have a paramount place in producing steel for the project. Surely that is economic common sense? This failure of the government’s procurement policies will be challenged by my union. You could not make it up.”

Unite national officer for steel Mr Harish Patel said “Steel is a key foundation industry and it is absolutely essential that it receives practical support from the government. That should start with ensuring that government funded project always purchase UK steel whenever possible. It brings into question yet again whether the government is really serious about leveling up or if it is simply a sound bite.”

Questions over HS2’s sourcing came in October after it emerged that the French firm Sendin had supplied the project with more than 2,000 tonnes of steel. At the time HS2 said its contractor had approached all suitable alternative UK suppliers, but none could provide the necessary product in time.

UK’s Department for Transport has recently revealed that currently there are no guidelines for using steel made in Britain in HS2 rail project. UK’s Transport Minister Mr Andrew Stephenson, while responding to questions in parliament posted by Labor MPs in December, has admitted there is no formal target for the use of UK steel in HS2 rail project construction. Mr Stephenson said “HS2 Ltd and the Department for Transport are committed to working with the UK steel industry to ensure it is engaged, informed and prepared to seize the contract opportunities that will be generated by HS2.”

HS2 is a new high speed railway that will form the backbone of Britain’s transport network. It will connect towns and cities in the South, Midlands and North with faster, easier and more reliable travel that will put more opportunities within reach for millions of people for work, business and leisure. The construction of the new railway is split into three phases:

Phase One linking London and the West Midlands

Phase 2a linking the West Midlands and the North via Crewe

Phase 2b completing the railway to Manchester, the East Midlands and the North

Despite cuts to the original plan, HS2 is still a major part of the UK’s GBP 96 billion integrated rail plan and will be the largest building project in Europe, requiring millions of tonnes of steel to build the tracks, stations and tunnels.
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Staalreus IJmuiden ingeperkt: ’Tata hoeft niet dicht, als het onze gezondheid maar niet schaadt’
Door THEO BESTEMAN

Updated Vandaag, 08:08
Vandaag, 06:00
in FINANCIEEL

AMSTERDAM - Voor staalmaker Tata Steel kwam 2021 een ommekeer. Jaren protesteerden omwonenden vergeefs tegen de uitstoot. Nu dreigt een strafproces, het RIVM constateert dat de uitstoot de gezondheid van kinderen schaadt en het kabinet eist dat Tata Steel versneld schoner produceert. Buurtbewoonster Antoinette Verbrugge: „Tata hoeft niet dicht, maar die productie moet geen gevaar zijn voor omwonenden.”

Antoinette Verbrugge in Wijk aan Zee strijdt met omwonenden van Tata Steel tegen de schadelijke stoffenuitstoot van de staalreus. MICHEL VAN BERGEN
Verbrugge (62) is een van vele actieve bewoners uit de omgeving. Haar acties met anderen leidden tot de aanzet naar juridische procedures die Tata Steel nu belagen.

Wat was voor u de aanleiding?

„Drieënhalf jaar geleden verhuisde ik naar Wijk aan Zee, komend uit Zeeuws-Vlaanderen, na een omzwerving via Utrecht en Drenthe terug naar de kust. Ik was hier meteen verliefd op dat uitzicht. De zee, het strand, de duinen, Wijk aan Zee en de wijde omgeving: het is prachtig hier”, vertelt de zelfstandig coach. „Ik twijfelde, natuurlijk, je zag ook die schoorstenen van de fabrieken aan het strand. Maar ach, ik herkende dat ook van vroeger. Ik heb in principe niets tegen industrie, zolang die maar schoon is.”

BEKIJK OOK:
Overheid legt schadelijke uitstoot Tata Steel versneld aan banden

„Bovendien, we leven in Nederland: dankzij vergunningen en overheidscontroles van bedrijven zou het wel goed zitten rond Tata, toch? Niets bleek minder waar. De eerste nacht heb ik gejankt. Ik merkte meteen dat het fout zat, ik voelde stof in mijn keel, had het benauwd, bleek ik midden in de grafietregen van Tata te zitten. Ik werd redelijk wanhopig, het ’te koop’-bord had ik al bijna geplaatst. Maar toen besloot ik: nee, dit is een te mooi gebied, ik laat me verdorie niet wegjagen, over mijn lijk. Dat heb ik ook aan Tata laten weten.”

Staalmakerij bij Tata.
Staalmakerij bij Tata.? ANP / HH
U kende als dochter van een verlader in industrieel Zeeuws-Vlaanderen tussen bedrijven als Dow en NSM de problemen.

„Sterker, ik heb zélf in die industrie gewerkt, ik weet heel goed hoe belangrijk ze zijn voor werknemers, hun inkomen, het gevoel ergens bij te horen. Je bent er als een grote familie, zoiets gaat ook werknemers aan het hart, logisch. Je mocht er in zo’n gemeenschap ook niets kwaads over zeggen. Toen niet en nu niet. Maar ik wilde me geen lafaard voelen.”

Wat gaf de doorslag om te blijven ageren?

„Veel mensen hier zijn oprecht bezorgd over hun gezondheid. Ik ook. Maar ik wilde vooral meer weten, ook over hun plannen. Ik was niet per se tegen Tata, absoluut niet. Ik zocht contact met het bedrijf. Maar het dedain waarmee je meteen werd benaderd, de omtrekkende bewegingen, de weigering om informatie te geven, dat wekte wrevel. ’Dan verhuist u toch gewoon’, vertelde iemand van Tata me. En: ’het valt enorm mee’ of ’dit mag, we hebben een vergunning’. Die houding met dat dedain tegenover een geïnteresseerde burger, die maakte me nog gedrevener.”

Maar daarmee was er nog geen actie.

„Ik ging eerst alles over Tata lezen. De verbazing over wat afgelopen jaren allemaal werd toegestaan groeide. Ik zocht ook contact in mijn buurt, ik ontmoette zulke goed over Tata geïnformeerde mensen. Dat gaf me steun, want bij Tata liep ik constant tegen een muur. Door die ellende van die vervuiling ontstond er een netwerk van mensen die steeds vaker samenwerkten. Maar wat wij, met maanden voorbereiding, inbrachten bij Tata Steel, de gemeente of provincie, er veranderde uiteindelijk niet echt iets. ’We begrijpen uw zorgen’, zeiden ze telkens. Die uitstoot bleef maximaal. Het waren veel loze beloften.”

BEKIJK OOK:
Snellere overgang van Tata Steel op waterstof, scepsis bij wetenschap

Protest aantekenen is nog geen gelijk hebben?

„En gelijk krijgen is ook iets anders. Gesprekken met een advocaat leerden me dat we een ander pad moest gaan bewandelen, via de rechter. Tata toonde zich immers tot dan totaal niet onder de indruk. Terwijl het wel om de gezondheid van mensen hier ging. Ik zocht het eerst nog in een poging tot overleg. Ze beloofden bij Tata veel, er gebeurde telkens weinig. Maar ook de controlediensten voor dit gebied, die bij Tata de vergunning hadden moeten controleren, deden onvoldoende. De overheid keek stelselmatig weg. Hoe kon het dat het bedrijf zoveel schadelijke stoffen kon blijven uitstoten? Voor iedereen was Tata heilig.”

Rollen staal op het terrein van Tata Steel. ANP/HH

Wanneer veranderde dat?

„Langzaam. Ik besloot oktober vorig jaar aangifte te doen bij de politie: onze gezondheid werd aangetast. Die agent weigerde die aangifte op te tekenen. Terwijl ik vanuit mijn werk bij een strafrechtkantoor wist dat hij die aangifte wettelijk gezien in behandeling moést nemen. Wat uiteindelijk lukte. Bijna dertig mensen volgden met hun aangifte, een begin. ’U woont hier maar kort, u kent onze cultuur niet’, zei een agent ijzerenheinig. Terwijl ik van mijn leven in Zeeuws-Vlaanderen heel goed weet hoe zo’n industriële omgeving werkt. En ken dus ook de nadelen ken.”

Waarom specifiek naar de strafrechter?

„We waren het zat. We zagen geen andere weg: braaf overlegd, weer ingesproken bij de gemeente, dossiers gemaakt, Kamerleden aangeschreven. We moesten het veel groter aanpakken. We lagen er als omwonenden tot dan als slachtoffers bij. Ik vertikte dat, het gevoel van machteloosheid was killing. Ik dacht aan Bénédicte Ficq, de strafrechtadvocate. Ze zei: ik doe het, mits wij zouden meewerken. Zij had zich al vaker verbaasd over Tata. Er wordt gekeken of vervolging mogelijk is. Er zijn inmiddels meer dan tien stichtingen die aangifte deden en 1200 rechtspersonen. Toen Ficq akkoord ging, kwam de vlam in de pan.”

BEKIJK OOK:
Hoogovens-icoon ’Rooie’ Roel zwaait af: ’vakbond te vaak oudemannenclub’
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Deel 2:

mwonenden en Tata Steel-werknemers keerden zich aanvankelijk tegen u.

„Natuurlijk kwam er ook kritiek, maar gelukkig vooral bijval. Het is in Nederland niet eerder vertoond dat er tegen een groot bedrijf als Tata Steel aangifte is gedaan op grond van het strafrecht. Maar het is noodzakelijk dat dit gebeurt. Het gaat erom de ziekmakende uitstoot te stoppen, het gaat om de gezondheid van alle mensen en van de dieren, laten we die niet vergeten. Zonder natuur zijn we nergens.

Mijn slogan is: gezondheid op nummer een, niet de industrie op een. Waarom wordt zo’n mooi duingebied opgeofferd aan zo’n vervuilend bedrijf. Stond ik daar weer in te spreken met m’n mantra. In het begin werden we weleens meewarig aangekeken, maar onderling vonden we telkens steun. We wisten dat die uitstoot van Tata niet klopte. Ook omdat vanuit Tata Steel na beloften niets kwam dat die gezondheidsschade kon doen verminderen. Gebeurde dat maar. Tegen de werknemers hebben we niks.”

U komt aan het brood van duizenden werknemers en gezinnen als Tata zou sluiten.

„Ik gun de mensen hun boterham, sommigen ken ik, werk en inkomen zijn belangrijk. Het is financieel gezien ook altijd een goede werkgever voor de mensen geweest. Maar hoe kan het dat Tata Steel te veel kan uitstoten en altijd maar groen licht blijven krijgen van de autoriteiten? Die uitstoot moet toch ook de werknemers zelf schaden, het is ook hun gezondheid die eronder lijdt. Waarom mag je je mond niet opendoen over iets waarvan je ook je inkomen krijgt? En wij zijn overigens niet de enigen die een proces begonnen, er lopen veel meer zaken tegen de bedrijven hier. Dat moet ook werknemers toch te denken geven.”

Leden van de vakbonden FNV en CNV strijden bij Tata Steel voor het voortbestaan van het bedrijf. ANP/HH

Tata Steel stelde eind 2020 al €300 miljoen te investeren in verbeteringen, ook voor de volksgezondheid.

„Daarvan is veel beloofd en weinig waargemaakt. Al jaren horen we zoiets. De €300 miljoen lijkt veel, het is een druppel op gloeiende plaat. Het blijft telkens bij voornemens. In het Roland Berger-rapport over de haalbaarheid van Tata’s duurzaamheidsplannen, gemaakt in opdracht van Tata en de FNV, staan doorlopend woorden als ’zou’ en ’mogelijk’. Niets concreet nog, geen concrete bedragen, geen houvast. Het woord gezondheid staat er niet in, behalve een keer als ’gezondheidswinst’. Wel 82 keer het woord groen. De verandering kwam toen we met een strafzaak dreigden, en toen het RIVM in een studie onomstotelijk duidelijk maakte dat de gezondheid van kinderen hier in het geding is.”

BEKIJK OOK:
RIVM: opslaan CO2 bij Tata leidt mogelijk tot meer uitstoot

Wat dan, Tata Steel verkassen? Dan blijft die vervuilende uitstoot.

„Sluiting hoeft van mij niet. Het is hier een belangrijke werkgever, dat zie ik heus wel. Een staalfabriek kan ook schoon produceren, in ieder geval zou het voor het eerste productiedeel alles kunnen importeren, met schone energie geleverd. Het gaat erom dat het niet ziekmakend moet produceren, en dat is nu wel vast komen te staan. Onze gezondheid in dit gebied lijdt eronder.”

BEKIJK OOK:
’Bij Tata is maken van ’groene’ staal met waterstof binnen 10 jaar haalbaar’

Wat is uw oplossing?

„Je kunt niet aan mensen die er ziek van worden vervolgens vragen dat wíj de oplossing gaan bieden, terwijl Tata te veel schadelijke stoffen uitstoot. Dat is de omgekeerde wereld. Tata heeft eerder een strategische fout gemaakt en volhardt daarin. Tata had, terwijl het hier voldoende verdiende, met zijn tijd mee moeten gaan, die vervuiling is al jaren bekend. Het bedrijf kan krimpen en toch kwalitatief goed en vooral voor de omgeving gezonder produceren. Er is niks mis met veel geld verdienen, maar Tata heeft jaren te weinig geïnvesteerd.”

www.telegraaf.nl/financieel/357115200...
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Steel Worker’s Seeks Clarity for UK Made Steel Use in HS2 Rail

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
04 Jan, 2022, 4:20 am

UK’s steel worker’s Unite union has demanded that the British Government sets clear targets for the use of UK-produced steel in the HS2 rail project. Unite said the UK’s exit from the European Union should have made it easier for the government to ensure that British products were used in infrastructure projects. Unite General Secretary Ms Sharon Graham said “The government must immediately develop clear targets on UK steel usage on publicly funded construction projects. In the case of HS2, UK producers should have a paramount place in producing steel for the project. Surely that is economic common sense? This failure of the government’s procurement policies will be challenged by my union. You could not make it up.”

Unite national officer for steel Mr Harish Patel said “Steel is a key foundation industry and it is absolutely essential that it receives practical support from the government. That should start with ensuring that government funded project always purchase UK steel whenever possible. It brings into question yet again whether the government is really serious about leveling up or if it is simply a sound bite.”

Questions over HS2’s sourcing came in October after it emerged that the French firm Sendin had supplied the project with more than 2,000 tonnes of steel. At the time HS2 said its contractor had approached all suitable alternative UK suppliers, but none could provide the necessary product in time.

UK’s Department for Transport has recently revealed that currently there are no guidelines for using steel made in Britain in HS2 rail project. UK’s Transport Minister Mr Andrew Stephenson, while responding to questions in parliament posted by Labor MPs in December, has admitted there is no formal target for the use of UK steel in HS2 rail project construction. Mr Stephenson said “HS2 Ltd and the Department for Transport are committed to working with the UK steel industry to ensure it is engaged, informed and prepared to seize the contract opportunities that will be generated by HS2.”

HS2 is a new high speed railway that will form the backbone of Britain’s transport network. It will connect towns and cities in the South, Midlands and North with faster, easier and more reliable travel that will put more opportunities within reach for millions of people for work, business and leisure. The construction of the new railway is split into three phases:

Phase One linking London and the West Midlands

Phase 2a linking the West Midlands and the North via Crewe

Phase 2b completing the railway to Manchester, the East Midlands and the North

Despite cuts to the original plan, HS2 is still a major part of the UK’s GBP 96 billion integrated rail plan and will be the largest building project in Europe, requiring millions of tonnes of steel to build the tracks, stations and tunnels.
Bijlage:
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JFE Steel President & CEO Sets 4 Focus Areas for 2022

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
05 Jan, 2022, 5:00 am

Japanese steel maker JFE Steel President and CEO Mr Yoshihisa Kitano in his New Year message has set 4 focus areas for 2022.

1. Transformation into a slim and robust business structure

2. Activities to establish a financial base

3. Promotion of innovation toward carbon neutrality

4. Utilization of DX technology, acceleration and expansion of overseas business growth

1. While continuing to work toward the completion of structural reforms, please promptly take measures to shift from quantity to quality, such as improving the product mix and expanding margins by restructuring the price system that matches the value. In particular, please work with a strong awareness of issues to improve profitability of domestic sales. In addition, please steadily reduce various costs planned in the 7th medium term, such as improving labor productivity and yield by utilizing DX, and promote the expansion of profit per ton on an ability basis.

2. Each business site should continue to work persistently to improve its manufacturing capabilities and ensure the stabilization of production and quality, which is a major premise of its financial base. In addition to the necessary function maintenance investment, we will aggressively invest in profit improvement, new equipment, and growth investment such as GX (green transformation) and DX, while striving to achieve both investment effect and financial soundness. As part of securing the investment funds, please promote the reduction of owned assets by selection and concentration, and vigorously pursue the reduction of inventories in pursuit of new approaches and rationality.

3. Positioning efforts to address climate change as the most important management issue, we have formulated the "JFE Group Environmental Management Vision 2050". In October of last year, we established the Carbon Neutral Promotion Council to centrally discuss and decide on important issues for each organization and project related to carbon neutrality, and to proceed promptly and efficiently. This year, in order to surely achieve the target of reducing CO 2 emissions by 18% at the end of 2024 compared to 2013, we will accelerate various measures such as reduction of hot metal content ratio, reduction of blast furnace reducing agent ratio, and promotion of energy saving. I will continue to do it. At the same time, we will start full-scale technological development of new processes, centered on the Carbon Recycling Development Department and the New Melting Process Development Department, which were newly established last year. In addition, toward carbon neutrality in 2050, we will bring together the wisdom of not only our company but the entire Japanese steel industry to lead the world toward the early establishment of ultra-innovative technologies such as hydrogen reduction steelmaking and high-grade steel manufacturing using large electric furnaces. We will strongly promote technological development.

4. This year as well, we will continue to introduce sensors to each facility and visualize the operating status using the latest modeling technology, and will promote efforts to stabilize the facility by making CPS (Cyber Physical System) for all lines. At each workplace, without being bound by the way of working and the common sense in the company, we will positively and positively utilize DX technology, and promote innovative productivity improvement such as remoteization, automation, and robot utilization. In addition, we will continue to focus on the solution business, which provides the knowledge, skills, and data cultivated in the domestic business on a platform, and accelerate and expand the growth of the overseas business.
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Workers Complain to Government over COVID Policy at Algoma Steel

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
05 Jan, 2022, 5:03 am

A new COVID testing policy, implemented January 1, 2022 at Algoma Steel, has frustrated a few employees enough to the point where complaints were filed with the Ministry of Labour. The new policy requires unvaccinated and those who have yet to declare their vaccine status to the employer to be tested by a third party company with a Rapid Antigen Test before they are permitted to enter the plant.

Algoma CEO Mr Michael McQuade announced “Changes to COVID-19 Eligibility to the Workplace” on 22 December 2021. “After further consideration in view of the higher risk of transmission of the Omicron variant, we have determined that increased frequency of testing will provide a superior measure of protection for our employees, their families, and our workplace. The revised policy now requires that a valid negative COVID test result must be obtained less than 72 hours before attendance on our site. As an alternative to testing, employees can still opt to provide proof of their full vaccination.”

He added "This policy does not mandate vaccinations and focuses on testing as a proven safeguard in supporting the health and well-being of our employees and our community. In addition to our existing protocols with distancing and face masks, testing mitigates the transmission of COVID-19, and provides another layer of protection against infection for those attending our site. We consider this policy to be reasonable, and when weighed against the threat of COVID-19, provide the protection necessary to keep our workplace safe.”
Bijlage:
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Al Yamamah Steel Bags More Contracts to Supply Steel Towers

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
05 Jan, 2022, 5:05 am

Al Yamamah Steel Industries Co signed two contracts worth SAR 292 million (USD 78 million) with Hyundai Engineering & Construction Co to supply steel towers for electricity transmission lines. Under the contracts, the company will provide steel towers for the construction of the power transmission lines, including a 380 KV line between the new Afif BSP and Mahd BSP and a 500 KV line for Saudi-Egypt interconnection project. Both contracts will be executed in 12 months

Al Yamamah Steel Industries Co had also signed a contract with Arabian Electrical Transmission Line Construction Co Ltd for supplying steel towers for SAR 178.66 million in December 2021 end. The contract includes supplying steel towers for constructing 380 kV link between Buhirah Station and Tabarjal Station for period of 12 months effective from May 2022

On 30 November 2021, L&T had awarded USD 54 million towers supply contract to Al Yamamah Steel for 380kV extra high voltage overhead transmission line from Arar Substation to Rafha Substation. Another contract for the supply of steel towers related to the 380 kV extra high voltage overhead transmission line from Rafha substation to Qaisumah substation. The steel manufacturer will deliver the required structures for both projects as of May 2021 until July 2022.
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US Sets Zero AD on Dalmine’s Cold-Drawn Mechanical Tubing Imports

Strategic Research Institute
Published on :
05 Jan, 2022, 5:09 am

The US Department of Commerce has announced the final results of its administrative review of the antidumping duty order on cold-drawn mechanical tubing from Italy for the period between June 1, 2019 and May 31, 2020. US DOC has determined that Italy based Dalmine SpA did not make sales of the subject product at less than normal value during the period of review. Accordingly, US DOC has determined weighted-average dumping margins of 0% for Dalmine, in line with the preliminary results.

The products covered by this order are certain cold-drawn mechanical tubing of carbon and alloy steel from Italy.

Bergamo Italy based TenarisDalmine produces drawn carbon steel pipes, steel bars, fiberglass pipes, welded and seamless stainless steel pipes, and gas cylinders from seamless tubes. Customers include automobile makers, gas and water companies, bearing makers, industrial and medical gas companies, and power producers. Seamless pipe, the company's principal product, is made at an annual rate of some 800,000 tonnes. It also produces 900,000 tonnes of steel bars. Luxembourg-based holding company Tenaris owns most of Dalmine, which represents the Italian tubular production for the Tenaris Group.
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